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Denying Existence

by A. Chakrabarti
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-03-14
Genre: Philosophy
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
Format: PDF, ePUB, MOBI, Audiobooks, Kindle


This book tries to explore, in language as non-technical as possible, the deepest philosophical problems regarding the logical status of empty (singular) terms such as `Pegasus', `Batman', `The impossible staircase departs in Escher's painting `Ascending-Descending'+ etc., and regarding sentences which deny the existence of singled-out fictional entities. It will be fascinating for literary theorists with a flair for logic, to students of metaphysics and philosophy of language, and for historians of philosophy interested in the fate of the Russell-Meinong debate. For teachers of these aspects of analytic philosophy this will provide a textbook which goes beyond the Western tradition (without plunging into any mystical Eastern `Emptiness', which is what some previous comparative philosophers did!).
The Varieties of Self-Knowledge
Language: en
Pages: 288
Authors: Annalisa Coliva
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-07-05 - Publisher: Springer

This book explores the idea that self-knowledge comes in many varieties. We “know ourselves” through many different methods, depending on whether we attend to our propositional attitudes, our perceptions, sensations or emotions. Furthermore, sometimes what we call “self-knowledge” is not the result of any substantial cognitive achievement and the characteristic authority we grant to our psychological self-ascription is a conceptual necessity, redeemed by unravelling the structure of several interlocking concepts. This book critically assesses the main contemporary positions held on the epistemology of self-knowledge. These include robust epistemic accounts such as inner sense views and theory-theories; weak epistemic accounts such as transparency theories and rational internalism and externalism; as well as expressivist and constitutivist approaches. The author offers an innovative “pluralist” position on self-knowledge, emphasizing the complexity of the phenomenon and its resistance to any “monistic” treatment, to pose new and intriguing philosophical challenges.
The Varieties of Scientific Experience
Language: en
Pages: 304
Authors: Carl Sagan
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2006-11-02 - Publisher: Penguin

“Ann Druyan has unearthed a treasure. It is a treasure of reason, compassion, and scientific awe. It should be the next book you read.” —Sam Harris, author of The End of Faith “A stunningly valuable legacy left to all of us by a great human being. I miss him so.” —Kurt Vonnegut Carl Sagan's prophetic vision of the tragic resurgence of fundamentalism and the hope-filled potential of the next great development in human spirituality The late great astronomer and astrophysicist describes his personal search to understand the nature of the sacred in the vastness of the cosmos. Exhibiting a breadth of intellect nothing short of astounding, Sagan presents his views on a wide range of topics, including the likelihood of intelligent life on other planets, creationism and so-called intelligent design, and a new concept of science as "informed worship." Originally presented at the centennial celebration of the famous Gifford Lectures in Scotland in 1985 but never published, this book offers a unique encounter with one of the most remarkable minds of the twentieth century.
The Varieties of Belief
Language: en
Pages: 189
Authors: Paul Helm
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2002 - Publisher: Psychology Press

This volume is a comprehensive collection of critical essays on The Taming of the Shrew, and includes extensive discussions of the play's various printed versions and its theatrical productions. Aspinall has included only those essays that offer the most influential and controversial arguments surrounding the play. The issues discussed include gender, authority, female autonomy and unruliness, courtship and marriage, language and speech, and performance and theatricality.
The Varieties of Grounded Theory
Language: en
Pages: 152
Authors: Antony Bryant
Categories: Reference
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-03-11 - Publisher: SAGE

The Varieties of Grounded Theory explores the range and depth of grounded theory methodology, and the ways in which discussions in the field have developed and expanded in recent years. In this SAGE Swift, Anthony Bryant provides a jargon-free overview of grounded theory terminology, whilst examining the impact of recent technological and theoretical advances on how it is currently practiced. Increasingly popular outside of its original settings, grounded theory is now a core method for business & management, criminology, politics, geography and psychology. This book provides a global interdisciplinary perspective on the method's utility today, and complements The SAGE Handbook of Current Developments in Grounded Theory (April 2019).
The Varieties of Orthographic Knowledge
Language: en
Pages: 382
Authors: V.W. Berninger
Categories: Medical
Type: BOOK - Published: 2013-03-09 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

The role of orthography in reading and writing is not a new topic of inquiry. For example, in 1970 Venezky made a seminal contribution with The Structure of English Orthography in which he showed how both sequential redundancy (probable and permissible letter sequences) and rules of letter-sound correspondence contribute to orthographic structure. In 1980 Ehri introduced the concept of orthographic images, that is, the representation of written words in memory, and proposed that the image is created by an amalgamation of the word's orthographic and phonological properties. In 1981 Taylor described the evolution of orthographies in writing systems-from the earliest logographies for pictorial representation of ideas to syllabaries for phonetic representation of sounds to alphabets for phonemic representation of sounds. In 1985 Frith proposed a stage model for the role of orthographic knowledge in development of word recognition: Initially in the logographic stage a few words can be recognized on the basis of partial spelling information; in the alphabetic stage words are. recognized on the basis of grapheme-phoneme correspondence; in the orthographic stage spelling units are recognized automatically without phonological mediation. For an historical overview of research on visual processing of written language spanning the earliest records of writing to the early work in experimental psychology, see Venezky (1993).
William James and The Varieties of Religious Experience
Language: en
Pages: 272
Authors: Jeremy Carrette
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 2004-11-05 - Publisher: Routledge

William James's The Varieties of Religious Experience was an intellectual landmark, paving the way for current study of psychology, philosophy and religious studies. In this new companion to the Varieties, key international experts provide contemporary responses to James's book, exploring its seminal historical importance and its modern significance. Locating the Varieties within the context of James's other works and exploring James's views on psychology, mysticism, religious experience, emotion and truth, the sixteen articles offer new analyses of the Varieties from the perspectives of postcolonial theory, history, social theory and philosophy. As the only critical work dedicated to the cross-disciplinary influence of The Varieties of Religious Experience, this book testifies to William James's genius and ongoing legacy.
The Varieties of Confucian Experience
Language: en
Pages: 362
Authors: Sébastien Billioud
Categories: Religion
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-07-26 - Publisher: BRILL

The Varieties of Confucian Experience offers a number of ethnographic accounts of the popular Confucian revival taking place in China since the beginning of the 21st Century.
The Relevance of Phenomenology to the Philosophy of Language and Mind
Language: en
Pages: 192
Authors: Sean D. Kelly
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-01-21 - Publisher: Routledge

This work discusses philosophical problems of perceptual content, the content of deomonstrative thoughts, and the unity of proposition. By demonstrating a connection between phenomenology and analysis, Kelly suggests ways in which they can be fruitfully pursued.
National Identity and the Varieties of Capitalism
Language: en
Pages: 525
Authors: John L. Campbell, John A. Hall, Ove Pedersen
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2006-01-10 - Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

Annotation Comparative essays that analyze the success of Denmark's national political economy.
The Varieties of Pragmatism
Language: en
Pages: 208
Authors: Douglas McDermid
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2008-09-01 - Publisher: A&C Black

For much of the twentieth century, many Anglo-American philosophers supported three theses - one about reality, one about truth, and one about human knowledge - that, taken together, underwrote debates in epistemology. The first was realism: the commonsensical-sounding view that the world of physical objects exists independently of human thought or language. The second was the correspondence theory of truth, according to which true statements or beliefs are those which accurately represent the way the world is. The third was foundationalism: the view that our knowledge of the world, like an edifice, must rest on firm foundations (i.e. on beliefs whose justification does not depend on any other beliefs). In the last two decades, however, a radical anti-epistemology movement led by the influential American philosopher Richard Rorty has put partisans of all three theses on the defensive. Moreover, Rorty has repeatedly claimed that his opposition to the shibboleths of traditional epistemology draws inspiration from the grand tradition of Pragmatism (especially from William James and John Dewey. In this important new book, Douglas McDermid argues persuasively for two key claims: first, that the so-called "Neo-Pragmatist" critique of traditional epistemology is thoroughly unconvincing; second, that Rorty is guilty of taking the name of Pragmatism in vain, since there are crucial and far-reaching differences between Neo-Pragmatism and the Classical Pragmatism of James and Dewey. The Varieties of Pragmatism will take its place in the forefront of the literature on this most vital part of the American philosophical legacy.
The Varieties of Psychedelic Experience
Language: en
Pages: 336
Authors: Robert Masters, Jean Houston
Categories: Medical
Type: BOOK - Published: 2000-04-01 - Publisher: Simon and Schuster

One of the most important books written on the effects of LSD on the human psyche. • Its authoritative research has great relevance to the current debate on drug legalization. • Prolific authors Robert Masters and Jean Houston are pioneer figures in the field of transpersonal psychology and founders of the Human Potentials Movement. The Varieties of Psychedelic Experience was published in 1966, just as the first legal restrictions on the use of psychedelic substances were being enacted. Unfortunately, the authors' pioneering work on the effects of LSD on the human psyche, which was viewed by its participants as possibly heralding a revolution in the study of the mind, was among the casualties of this interdiction. As a result, the promising results to which their studies attested were never fully explored. Nevertheless, their 15 years of research represents a sober and authoritative appraisal of what remains one of the most controversial developments in the study of the human psyche. Avoiding the wild excesses taken by both sides on this issue, this book is unique for the light it sheds on the possibilities and the limitations of psychedelic drugs, as well as on the techniques for working with them. With drug legalization an increasingly important issue, The Varieties of Psychedelic Experience provides a welcome and much needed contrast to the current hysteria that surrounds this topic.
Practical suggestions respecting the varieties of electric currents and the uses of electricity in medicine
Language: en
Pages: 147
Authors: Ambrose Loomis Ranney
Categories: Medical
Type: BOOK - Published: 1885 - Publisher:

Books about Practical suggestions respecting the varieties of electric currents and the uses of electricity in medicine