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Social Control in a Free Society

by Robert E. Spiller
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Release Date: 2016-11-11
Genre: Political Science
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
Format: PDF, ePUB, MOBI, Audiobooks, Kindle


The 1958 Benjamin Franklin Lectures, with contributions from Loren C. Eiseley, Carl G. Hempel, Gilbert Seldes, George J. Stigler, and Willard Hurst.
Social Control in a Free Society
Language: en
Pages: 144
Authors: Robert E. Spiller
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-11-11 - Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

The 1958 Benjamin Franklin Lectures, with contributions from Loren C. Eiseley, Carl G. Hempel, Gilbert Seldes, George J. Stigler, and Willard Hurst.
Political Discipline in a Free Society (Routledge Library Editions: Political Science Volume 40)
Language: en
Pages: 284
Authors: H. J. Blackham
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2013-04-15 - Publisher: Routledge

This book traces the rise and fall of political philosophies since the 17th century. The second part of the book shows how the general technique of cumulative learning from experience applies to social legislation and social services, party politics to defence strategy and to the trends that follow the modern explosion of knowledge and capital. The main argument is that social control is at its best a deliberate joint creation of and learning from social experience; and in this sense political discipline although not the same as logical or scientific discipline is like them a submission to form, not force. The book gives a definite meaning to the idea of human progress and finds reason for a restoration of political hope and faith.
Drug Control in a Free Society
Language: en
Pages: 174
Authors: James B. Bakalar, Lester Grinspoon
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 1988-04-29 - Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Distinguishes different degrees of drug use, looks at the history of modern drug laws, and discusses the need to balance individual rights with protection for society's citizens
Manufacturing Civil Society
Language: en
Pages: 238
Authors: T. Brandsen, W. Trommel, B. Verschuere
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-05-07 - Publisher: Springer

Faced with falling social cohesion governments have sought to revitalise society by trying to reconstruct local communities, civil society and citizenship. As a result, civil society is increasingly brought within the realm of public management, subject to accountability and embedded in hierarchies the impact and origins of which this book explores
Catalog of Copyright Entries. Third Series
Language: en
Pages: 2054
Authors: Library of Congress. Copyright Office
Categories: Copyright
Type: BOOK - Published: 1961 - Publisher: Copyright Office, Library of Congress

Includes Part 1, Number 1 & 2: Books and Pamphlets, Including Serials and Contributions to Periodicals (January - December)
Science as Social Knowledge
Language: en
Authors: Helen E. Longino
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2020-03-31 - Publisher: Princeton University Press

Conventional wisdom has it that the sciences, properly pursued, constitute a pure, value-free method of obtaining knowledge about the natural world. In light of the social and normative dimensions of many scientific debates, Helen Longino finds that general accounts of scientific methodology cannot support this common belief. Focusing on the notion of evidence, the author argues that a methodology powerful enough to account for theories of any scope and depth is incapable of ruling out the influence of social and cultural values in the very structuring of knowledge. The objectivity of scientific inquiry can nevertheless be maintained, she proposes, by understanding scientific inquiry as a social rather than an individual process. Seeking to open a dialogue between methodologists and social critics of the sciences, Longino develops this concept of "contextual empiricism" in an analysis of research programs that have drawn criticism from feminists. Examining theories of human evolution and of prenatal hormonal determination of "gender-role" behavior, of sex differences in cognition, and of sexual orientation, the author shows how assumptions laden with social values affect the description, presentation, and interpretation of data. In particular, Longino argues that research on the hormonal basis of "sex-differentiated behavior" involves assumptions not only about gender relations but also about human action and agency. She concludes with a discussion of the relation between science, values, and ideology, based on the work of Habermas, Foucault, Keller, and Haraway.
Society, Ethics, and the Law: A Reader
Language: en
Pages: 500
Authors: David A. Mackey, Kathryn M. Elvey
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2020-02-14 - Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

Society, Ethics, and the Law: A Reader is an engaging, thoughtful, and academic text designed to help students make connections to ethical issues using real-world examples and thought-provoking discussion questions.
Science, Policy, and the Value-Free Ideal
Language: en
Pages: 256
Authors: Heather Douglas
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2009-07-15 - Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

The role of science in policymaking has gained unprecedented stature in the United States, raising questions about the place of science and scientific expertise in the democratic process. Some scientists have been given considerable epistemic authority in shaping policy on issues of great moral and cultural significance, and the politicizing of these issues has become highly contentious. Since World War II, most philosophers of science have purported the concept that science should be “value-free.” In Science, Policy and the Value-Free Ideal, Heather E. Douglas argues that such an ideal is neither adequate nor desirable for science. She contends that the moral responsibilities of scientists require the consideration of values even at the heart of science. She lobbies for a new ideal in which values serve an essential function throughout scientific inquiry, but where the role values play is constrained at key points, thus protecting the integrity and objectivity of science. In this vein, Douglas outlines a system for the application of values to guide scientists through points of uncertainty fraught with moral valence. Following a philosophical analysis of the historical background of science advising and the value-free ideal, Douglas defines how values should-and should not-function in science. She discusses the distinctive direct and indirect roles for values in reasoning, and outlines seven senses of objectivity, showing how each can be employed to determine the reliability of scientific claims. Douglas then uses these philosophical insights to clarify the distinction between junk science and sound science to be used in policymaking. In conclusion, she calls for greater openness on the values utilized in policymaking, and more public participation in the policymaking process, by suggesting various models for effective use of both the public and experts in key risk assessments.
Value-Free Science
Language: en
Pages: 256
Authors: Harold Kincaid, John Dupre, Alison Wylie
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2007-03-15 - Publisher: Oxford University Press

It has long been thought that science is our best hope for realizing objective knowledge, but that, to deliver on this promise, it must be value free. Things are not so simple, however, as recent work in science studies makes clear. The contributors to this volume investigate where and how values are involved in science, and examine the implications of this involvement for ideals of objectivity.
Criminal Law, Procedure, and Evidence
Language: en
Pages: 459
Authors: Walter P. Signorelli
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-07-27 - Publisher: CRC Press

Constitutional principles are the foundation upon which substantive criminal law, criminal procedure law, and evidence laws rely. The concepts of due process, legality, specificity, notice, equality, and fairness are intrinsic to these three disciplines, and a firm understanding of their implications is necessary for a thorough comprehension of the
Trends in Modern American Society
Language: en
Pages: 192
Authors: Clarence Morris
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-01-30 - Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

Contributors: John M. Blum, John Kenneth Galbraith, Alexander H. Leighton, and Clarence Morris.
Ethical Issues in Scientific Research
Language: en
Pages: 432
Authors: Edward Erwin, Sidney Gendin, Lowell Kleiman
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-12-22 - Publisher: Routledge

First published in 1994. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.