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Policy Reforms and Agriculture Development in Central Asia

by Sandjar Djalalov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2006-07-02
Genre: Business & Economics
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
Format: PDF, ePUB, MOBI, Audiobooks, Kindle

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Achieving sustainable agricultural development is at the forefront of the poverty reduction objective of the Central Asian republics - Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Since independence, the countries of the Central Asian region have undergone a series of transition from centrally planned economies to a more market oriented system. Wide-ranging policy reforms have been implemented, although in varying degrees, in the five Central Asian countries. Despite great efforts by the countries and the external advice and efforts of international agencies to help them to follow a dynamic growth path, the progress in policy reforms has been frustratingly slow. Generating momentum to reorient the approach and the sequencing of policy reform packages will require rethinking of the policy reform process. This is particularly so in the food, agriculture, and natural resource sectors. This further requires improved understanding among the policymakers, donors, and international agencies of the impact of policy alternatives so that policy reforms and the speed with which they have been implemented are consistent with the objectives and the social and political realities of individual countries in the region. Involving the local policy research community in identifying critical issues and challenges, setting priorities among them for food and agricultural and natural resource policy research and analysis, and implementing joint research studies is the best way to generate knowledge on the impact of policy reforms and to increase ownership of policy design and implementation.
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Policy Reforms and Agriculture Development in Central Asia
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Type: BOOK - Published: 2006-07-02 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

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Policy Reforms and Agriculture Development in Central Asia
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Kurzbeschreibung Während die landwirtschaftlichen Produktivitätsfortschritte von der Entwicklung der Gesamtwirtschaft eines Landes abhängen, spielt die effiziente Nutzung von landwirtschaftlichen Inputs eine wichtige Rolle für das Wachstum des Farmsektors. In Diskussionen über angemessene Politiken für Länder im Transformationsprozess ist auf diesen Unterschied oft hingewiesen worden. Dennoch gibt es bisher kaum quantitative Analysen der Effizienz der Ressourcennutzung während des Transformationsprozesses in den zentralasiatischen Ländern. Die vorliegende Studie ist eine der ersten, die für Usbekistan empirische Evidenz über die Effizienzniveaus bei der Produktion von Baumwolle, Weizen und Gemüse liefert. Auf der Basis von Querschnittsdaten des Landwirtschafts-Surveys von 2007 für die usbekischen Regionen Khorezm und Fergana wird die Ressourcennutzung der landwirtschaftlichen Betriebe untersucht. 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Zudem erreichten effiziente Betriebe höhere Ernteerträge in beiden Teilregionen. Diese Ergebnisse legen nahe, dass nicht nur Betriebsgrößen eine Rolle spielen sondern auch das Management der Produktion sowohl in kleinen als auch in größeren Betrieben. Hinsichtlich der Bestimmungsgründe für die Nutzung landwirtschaftlicher Inputs zeigen die Analysen, dass die Effizienz bei strategischen Erzeugnissen auf Böden mit niedrigem Bonitätsgrad und im Fall von Gemüse auf Böden mit höherem Bonitätsgrad höher ist. Ein ausreichender Zugang zu Bewässerung erhöht die technische Effizienz bei der Produktion aller untersuchter Erzeugnisse. Jedoch wurde ein statistisch signifikantes Ergebnis nur für die Produktion von Kartoffeln gefunden. Die Analyse nach Regionen zeigt, dass die Farmer in Khorezm bei allen Erzeugnissen weniger effizient sind als die in Fergana. 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