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Authors: David A. Hyman, Ronen Avraham, Charles Silver
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016 - Publisher:
Ronen Avraham, David Hyman and Charles Silver, leading authorities in their fields, discuss the effects of economic and legal constraints and regulation on healthcare. They examine the impact of access to healthcare on mortality and clinical outcomes and investigate healthcare financing, including payment to providers, expanding costs, health insurance and the provision of long-term care. The distribution of spending and the expansion of provision are also investigated. The regulatory aspect includes discussions on the regulation of healthcare practice, medical malpractice and liability, and public health and ethical issues.--Résumé de l'éditeur.
Authors: I. Glenn Cohen, Holly Fernandez Lynch, Christopher T. Robertson
Categories: Business & Economics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-12 - Publisher: JHU Press
Behaviorally informed health policy? : patient autonomy, active choosing, and paternalism / Cass R. Sunstein -- Three choice architecture paradigms for healthcare policy / Russell Korobkin -- Can behavioral economics save healthcare reform? / Alan M. Garber -- Seven ways of applying behavioral science to health policy / Michael Hallsworth -- What can PPACA teach us about behavioral law & economics? / David A. Hymen and Thomas S. Ulen -- Bad medicine : does the unique nature of healthcare decisions justify nudges? / Mark D. White -- Nudging and benign manipulation for health / Nir Eyal -- The political morality of nudges in healthcare / Jonathan Gingerich -- An ethical framework for public health nudges: a case study of incentives as nudges for vaccination in rural india / Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Zainab Shipchandler, and Julika Kaplan -- Behavioral economics and food policy : the limits of nudging / Andrea Freeman -- Cost-sharing as choice architecture / Christopher T. Robertson -- Using behavioral economics to promote physicians' prescribing of generic drugs and follow-on biologics : what are the issues? / Ameet Sarpatwari, Niteesh K. Choudhry, Jerry Avorn, and Aaron S. Kesselheim -- Towards behaviorally informed policies for consumer credit decisions in self-pay medical markets / Jim Hawkins -- Extrinsic incentives, intrinsic motivation, and motivational crowding-out in health law and policy / Kristin Underhill -- Do financial incentives reduce intrinsic motivation for weight loss? : evidence from two tests of crowding-out / Aditi P. Sen, David Huffman, George Loewenstein, David A. Asch, Jeffrey T. Kullgren, and Kevin G. Volpp -- Affective forecasting in medical decision-making : what do physicians owe their patients? / Jennifer L. Zamzow -- Behavioral economics in the physician-patient relationship : a possible role for mobile devices and small data / Alexander M. Capron and Donna Spruijt-Metz -- The perilous promise of privacy : ironic influences on disclosure of health information / Ester Moher and Khaled El Emam -- Procedural justice by default : addressing medicare's backlog crisis / Matthew J.B. Lawrence -- Measuring the welfare effects of a nudge : a different approach to evaluating the individual mandate / Manisha Padi and Abigail R. Moncrieff -- Better off dead-paternalism and persistent unconsciousness / Sarah Conly -- Improving healthcare decisions through a shared preferences and values approach to surrogate selection / Nina A. Kohn -- Consumer protection in genome sequencing / Barbara J. Evans -- Forced to choose again : the effects of defaults on individuals in terminated health plans / Anna D. Sinaiko and Richard J. Zeckhauser -- Presumed consent to organ donation / David Orentlicher
Authors: Wolf Sauter, Jos Boertjens, Johan Van Manen, Misja Mikkers
Categories: Business & Economics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-05-31 - Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Examining the ways and extent to which systemic factors affect health outcomes with regard to quality, affordability and access to curative healthcare, this explorative book compares the relative merits of tax-funded Beveridge systems and insurance-based Bismarck systems. The Law and Policy of Healthcare Financing charts and compares healthcare system outcomes throughout 11 countries, from the UK to Colombia. Thematic chapters investigate the economic and legal explanations for the relevant similarities, variations and trends across the globe. Concluding that systemic factors may be less significant than previously believed, this comprehensive book notes that no one system consistently outperforms the others, yet incentives and funding improvements may lift performances across all curative healthcare systems. Analytical and comparative, this book will be of interest to academics working in the fields of health law and health economics. Public authorities including health ministries, policymakers and international health organisations will also find this to be an invaluable resource.
Authors: Mark A. Hall, Professor of Law and Public Health Mark A Hall
Type: BOOK - Published: 1997 - Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
A fresh and comprehensive exploration of how health care rationing decisions are made, this book offers not specific criteria for rationing--like age or quality of life--but a comparative analysis of three alternative decision makers: consumers paying out of pocket, government and insurance officials setting limits on treatments and coverage, and physicians making decisions at the bedside. Hall's analysis reveals that none of these alternatives is uniformly superior, and, therefore, a mix of all three is inevitable. The author develops his analysis along three lines of reasoning: political economics, ethics, and law. The economic dimension addresses the practical feasibility of each method for making spending decisions. The ethical dimension discusses several theories--principally classic liberalism, social contract theory, and communitarianism--as well as concepts like autonomy and coercion. The legal dimension follows recent developments in legal doctrine such as informed consent, insurance coverage disputes, and the emerging direction of federal regulation. Hall concludes that physician rationing at the bedside is far more promising than medical ethicists and the medical profession have traditionally allowed.
Authors: A J. Culyer, J.P. Newhouse, Mark V. Pauly, Thomas G. McGuire, Pedro Pita Barros
Categories: Business & Economics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2000-08-02 - Publisher: Elsevier
What new theories, evidence, and policies have shaped health economics in the 21st century? Editors Mark Pauly, Thomas McGuire, and Pedro Pita Barros assemble the expertise of leading authorities in this survey of substantive issues. In 16 chapters they cover recent developments in health economics, from medical spending growth to the demand for health care, the markets for pharmaceutical products, the medical workforce, and equity in health and health care. Its global perspective, including an emphasis on low and middle-income countries, will result in the same high citations that made Volume 1 (2000) a foundational text. Presents coherent summaries of major subjects and methodologies, marking important advances and revisions. Serves as a frequently used non-journal reference. Introduces non-economists to the best research in health economics.
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-05-14 - Publisher: Springer
The book adds to the discussion about strategic approaches towards the translation of personalized medicine into clinical practice. It stresses the importance of non-science related, institutional barriers. A Law and Economics perspective is applied in order to examine the incentives induced by the barriers. An applied part identifies and evaluates policy levers to foster the translation of personalized medicine into Swiss clinical practice.
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-02-21 - Publisher: Newnes
The Encyclopedia of Health Economics offers students, researchers and policymakers objective and detailed empirical analysis and clear reviews of current theories and polices. It helps practitioners such as health care managers and planners by providing accessible overviews into the broad field of health economics, including the economics of designing health service finance and delivery and the economics of public and population health. This encyclopedia provides an organized overview of this diverse field, providing one trusted source for up-to-date research and analysis of this highly charged and fast-moving subject area. Features research-driven articles that are objective, better-crafted, and more detailed than is currently available in journals and handbooks Combines insights and scholarship across the breadth of health economics, where theory and empirical work increasingly come from non-economists Provides overviews of key policies, theories and programs in easy-to-understand language
Type: BOOK - Published: 2007 - Publisher: Now Publishers Inc
The Law and Economics of Public Health synthesizes the empirical research findings on the relationship between law and the public's health that are found scattered in different literature ranging from economic journals to medical journals, journals on addictive behaviors, law reviews, and books. This is the only study to date that has assembled the empirical evidence from many areas ranging from motor vehicle liability and dram shop liability to medical malpractice, products liability as it applies to pharmaceutical products, and medical devices. The Law and Economics of Public Health addresses the fundamental question as to whether or not and the extent to which imposing tort liability on potential injurers improves the public's health. Does the threat of litigation on potential injurers make them exercise more caution? Does insurance coverage counter incentives to be careful? Does the tort system operate as perfectly as the theory would have it? This monograph answers these questions on the basis of empirical evidence. The Law and Economics of Public Health discusses both theory and empirical evidence in several areas of personal injury to which tort liability has been applied. The monograph starts by describing the general law and economics framework used to assess both positive and normative issues relating to tort liability. It then presents the rationale for and empirical evidence on particular applications of tort liability as it applies to personal injury.
Authors: Peter J. Hammer, Deborah Haas-Wilson, Mark A. Peterson, William M. Sage
Categories: Business & Economics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2003-11-17 - Publisher: Duke University Press
This volume revisits the Nobel Prize-winning economist Kenneth Arrow’s classic 1963 essay “Uncertainty and the Welfare Economics of Medical Care” in light of the many changes in American health care since its publication. Arrow’s groundbreaking piece, reprinted in full here, argued that while medicine was subject to the same models of competition and profit maximization as other industries, concepts of trust and morals also played key roles in understanding medicine as an economic institution and in balancing the asymmetrical relationship between medical providers and their patients. His conclusions about the medical profession’s failures to “insure against uncertainties” helped initiate the reevaluation of insurance as a public and private good. Coming from diverse backgrounds—economics, law, political science, and the health care industry itself—the contributors use Arrow’s article to address a range of present-day health-policy questions. They examine everything from health insurance and technological innovation to the roles of charity, nonprofit institutions, and self-regulation in addressing medical needs. The collection concludes with a new essay by Arrow, in which he reflects on the health care markets of the new millennium. At a time when medical costs continue to rise, the ranks of the uninsured grow, and uncertainty reigns even among those with health insurance, this volume looks back at a seminal work of scholarship to provide critical guidance for the years ahead. Contributors Linda H. Aiken Kenneth J. Arrow Gloria J. Bazzoli M. Gregg Bloche Lawrence Casalino Michael Chernew Richard A. Cooper Victor R. Fuchs Annetine C. Gelijns Sherry A. Glied Deborah Haas-Wilson Mark A. Hall Peter J. Hammer Clark C. Havighurst Peter D. Jacobson Richard Kronick Michael L. Millenson Jack Needleman Richard R. Nelson Mark V. Pauly Mark A. Peterson Uwe E. Reinhardt James C. Robinson William M. Sage J. B. Silvers Frank A. Sloan Joshua Graff Zivin
Authors: Peter Zweifel, Friedrich Breyer, Mathias Kifmann
Categories: Business & Economics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2009-07-14 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This is the most complete text available on the economics of health behavior and health care delivery. Appropriate both for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students of economics, this text provides the key analytical tools required to understand current research. Issues discussed include the "cost explosion" in health care, the power of medical associations, the search for remuneration systems with favorable incentives, and technological change in medicine. Rather than simplifying the issues facing today’s healthcare systems, the book models existing complexities as they are, adapting economics to reflect the views of the average person.
Type: BOOK - Published: 1991-10-31 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Cigarettes are under political attack at all_levels of government in the United States. From Washington, D. C. to state capitals to local govern ments, proposals abound to increase the cigarette excise tax, to impose smoking bans, to prevent cigarette advertising, to restrict the sale of cigarettes through vending machines, to cut off the export of cigarettes, to earmark the cigarette excise tax for health programs, to divest the stock of cigarette companies, and so on. And all of these are purportedly being advocated in the name of health. Undergirding and abetting the health argument is an economic argument that claims to place a value of up to $100 billion per year on the alleged health costs of smoking to the American economy, which is more than $3 per pack of cigarettes smoked. As our title suggests, our interest lies in the economics of smoking and not in the health issues surrounding smoking. We are professional economists and not medical scientists. We will focus on what, if any, economic consequences arise for nonsmokers when smokers smoke. For purposes of our discussion, we simply accept the premise that smoking damages health and proceed with our analysis. Since we have not studied the issue ourselves, we have no way of knowing whether such a premise is true. But it really does not matter for getting the economics of smoking right. The important point resides in who pays for whatever to smoking.